Menstrual cycle, ovulation, periods, the keys to explaining everything to your teenager!

We have already discussed it at Louloucup, the first periods are an unprecedented upheaval in the life of a young lady. Most often in college or even at school for the most precocious, the pre-teen (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) and the period sees his body change, evolve. She must also learn to manage her with medium flows. This can be a source of stress or apprehension.

However, there is really nothing to stress about: The first period, no stress, everything will be fine!

Acne, stomach aches, side effects, hygienic protection, menstrual cycle, menstrual flow, leaks, stains, bad odors, bleeding, many questions can arise for the adolescent girl.

teen period panties

Does your teenager have questions? Louloucup has the answers!

The basics of female intimacy

We selected six questions on the female health which are, for us, the bases for discovering ourselves and knowing our body, its anatomy, but also its functioning. This can be a great basis for starting the discussion. We tried to put simple words to the essentials. Because knowing yourself well is already being less afraid of the unknown.

What is a menstrual cycle?

Le period is a cyclical phenomenon that takes place in the female body and which repeats the same pattern. This phenomenon is governed by hormones: l'hormone follicle-stimulating (FSH) andhormone luteinizing (LH). It has several phases. When the last phase takes place, the cycle then begins again. And this automatically puberty to menopause.

A menstrual cycle usually lasts 28 days on average. Sometimes a little less, sometimes a little more, it's not an exact science. The menstrual cycle can change and be disrupted by external events. Emotional shock, stress, a simple flu or weight gain or loss can disrupt the cycle, shorten or lengthen it.

The menstrual cycle takes place to prepare the uterus for a potential fertilization of the egg. In other words, the woman's body is preparing to develop an embryo. If fertilization does not occur, the cycle starts again with the arrival of new periods.

Do you want to know more about the menstrual cycle? Discover our super complete guide !

teen period panties

What are the different phases of a menstrual cycle?

There are 4 very distinct phases in a menstrual cycle.

  • The with medium flows ou period correspond to the period of the cycle where blood loss and bleeding occur, it is undoubtedly the most visible phase of the cycle. The rules mark the start of menstrual cycle in other words, the first day of menstruation corresponds to the first day of a new menstrual cycle. From one woman to another, periods can last three, four or even six or seven days. Depending on women, periods can be light or intense in nature, this is referred to as menstrual flow. Are you wondering about the nature and intensity of your menstrual flow? Consult our article dedicated to this question without delay: How to know your menstrual flow? 
  • La follicular phase follows menstruation and ends with ovulation. This is generally the period of the cycle when the woman is particularly fit and full of energy.
  • ovulation takes place in the middle of the menstrual cycle, that is to say around the 14th or 15th day of the cycle. In other words 15 days after the first day of periods. Again, there may be a small lag. A mature egg detaches and begins its journey into one of the two fallopian tubes. If the egg does not encounter a sperm during its journey, it disintegrates.
  • The luteal phase. Last phase of the menstrual cycle, this phase takes place in the cycle timeline between ovulation and the next cycle's period. We can observe some SPM ou premenstrual syndrome, certain side effects, during these few days before a new cycle. The fall of hormones can make you irritable and hypersensitive. Cravings and lack of energy can also occur, among other things. To know more :

Finally, to find out more about the different phases of the menstrual cycle, do not hesitate to consult our more in-depth articles:

  1. Periods. The period
  2. Periods. The follicular phase
  3. Periods. ovulation
  4. Periods. The luteal phase

Why do I have my period every month?

Menstruation is a natural and normal phenomenon that returns approximately every 28 days on average in a woman's life. Periods begin in adolescence around age 11 and end at menopause, around age 50.

Menstruation is a sign of healthy. The woman who is menstruating is of childbearing age. When a woman becomes pregnant, she no longer has a period for the duration of her pregnancy. THE period blood corresponds to your uterine lining which is expelled by the body, because no implantation of a fertilized egg has taken place during the cycle.

In other words, no fertilized egg has nestled in the uterine wall, no pregnancy develops. L'endometrium which had developed during the cycle in order to accommodate the potential embryo no longer needs to be.

You can also quite easily estimate the date of your next period. We tell you everything: How to calculate your female cycle?

teen rule panties

Why does my stomach hurt when I have my period?

You may feel certain unpleasant pains a little before your period or during your period: pain in the lower abdomen, heaviness, tightness in the chest. The ovaries are painful. Back pain may also occur. If these are occasional and can be relieved with a typical painkiller Spafon ou Tylenol so no worries.

On the other hand, suffering during your period is not normal either. It is important to tell your doctor, midwife or gynecologist. Find all our tips for relieving period pain: How to relieve painful periods?

What is ovulation?

Ovulation is the precise moment in the menstrual cycle when the egg has reached maturity and separates from theovary. It then takes the path to the uterus and passes through the fallopian tubes.

Ovulation is possible thanks to a hormone in particular progesterone. This is produced by the ovaries. This hormone is essential for the egg to implant correctly in the uterus.

Physically, ovulation is an extremely discreet phenomenon which, very often, goes unnoticed. Some women or adolescents may notice increased vaginal discharge. This is normal, it is cervical mucus.
Also, a small, short pain may be felt in the left or right ovary. At the time of ovulation, the woman is fertile. The chances of getting pregnant are therefore very high at this precise moment in the cycle. Since sperm have a lifespan of 2 to 5 days, the fertile window extends for several days around the day of ovulation.

What hygienic protection can teenagers use?

Sanitary napkins, disposable tampons, menstrual cups or menstrual panties, don't panic, teenagers have the choice to manage their new bleeding with peace of mind!
Find all our articles on hygienic protection and teenagers:

In order to do good for the planet and your wallet, renewable hygienic protections and washable are undoubtedly a great alternative. Menstrual cup ou pair of period panties are very practical for our teenage girls. They can live their day at school peacefully without fear of leaks, stains or bad odors.

Without further delay, find the Louloucup collection of menstrual panties for teenagers. A range of healthy, comfortable, soft, discreet and reliable menstrual underwear for cool, hassle-free periods. In addition, with Louloucup, the Shipping is always free France and in Europe so don't hesitate any longer!